计算机工程

• 体系结构与软件技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种网络视频监控系统的专用存储方案

汤家兴,陈耀武,蒋荣欣   

  1. (浙江大学数字技术及仪器研究所,杭州 310027)
  • 收稿日期:2012-11-14 出版日期:2013-12-15 发布日期:2013-12-13
  • 作者简介:汤家兴(1988-),男,硕士研究生,主研方向:网络多媒体存储技术;陈耀武,教授、博士生导师;蒋荣欣,副研究员
  • 基金项目:
    国家“863”计划基金资助项目“相控阵三维声学摄像声纳信号处理系统”(2010AA09Z104)

A Dedicated Storage Solution of Network Video Surveillance System

TANG Jia-xing, CHEN Yao-wu, JIANG Rong-xin   

  1. (Institute of Advanced Digital Technology and Instrumentation, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China)
  • Received:2012-11-14 Online:2013-12-15 Published:2013-12-13

摘要: 针对网络视频监控系统中传统文件系统存储方案存储效率低和检索性能差的缺陷,提出一种基于裸磁盘设备的录像存储方案。根据监控系统的数据存储特点,采用B+树管理录像段索引信息,设计一种磁盘逻辑存储结构,并给出一种基于图像组的数据缓存机制。系统测试结果表明,与传统的文件系统存储方案相比,该方案在监控系统的512 Kb/s和1 Mb/s典型存储码率下,录像存储效率分别提高了43.6%和30.3%,录像检索耗时降至35 ms以下。

关键词: 网络视频监控系统, 录像存储效率, 录像检索性能, 存储方案, B+树, 数据缓存机制, 文件系统

Abstract: The current file system storage solution for network video surveillance system suffers from low storage efficiency and poor retrieval performance. Aiming at these drawbacks and depending on the characteristics of the data storage, a dedicated video storage solution for network monitoring video streams is proposed. The proposed approach provides a logical storage structure and corresponding data access method based on bare disk devices, which includes Group of Pictures(GOP) based data caching mechanism and uses B+ tree for video segment index information management. System test results show that compared with the traditional file system, the solution increases video storage efficiency by 43.6% and 30.3% respectively on typical storage bitrate of 512 Kb/s and 1 Mb/s by the surveillance system, while reducing time-consuming of video retrieval down to 35 ms or less.

Key words: network video surveillance system, video storage efficiency, video retrieval performance, storage solution, B+ tree, data caching mechanism, file system

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