计算机工程

• 图形图像处理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于光线追踪的尺度效应分析

张 伦,余 涛,顾行发,胡新礼,赵利民   

  1. (中国科学院遥感应用研究所,北京 100101)
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-25 出版日期:2014-04-15 发布日期:2014-04-14
  • 作者简介:张 伦(1988-),男,硕士研究生,主研方向:图像仿真;余 涛、顾行发,研究员;胡新礼,副研究员;赵利民,助理研究员。
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41105017);国家“973”计划基金资助项目(2010CB950800);中科院战略先导专项课题基金资助项目(Y1Y02200XD)。

Scale Effect Analysis Based on Ray Tracing

ZHANG Lun, YU Tao, GU Xing-fa, HU Xin-li, ZHAO Li-min   

  1. (Institute of Remote Sensing Application, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
  • Received:2013-01-25 Online:2014-04-15 Published:2014-04-14

摘要: 以光线追踪为基础研究尺度变化对图像属性的影响。通过选取地物模型和构建实验场景,实现多分辨率序列图像的模拟仿真。对图像的信息熵、自相关系数、地物覆盖率进行计算和分析,得到以下结论:地物的颜色属性与尺度无关;当图像分辨率降低到一定程度后,图像将会发生失真现象,而当图像分辨率提高到一定程度后,图像的属性将只有很少变化;在不失真范围内,随着图像分辨率的降低,地物覆盖率也随之降低。该结论与传统方法分析的结果趋势相同,但传统方法产生的图像会在更高分辨率时发生失真现象,表明该方法可有效避免图像重采样误差的干扰。

关键词: 光线追踪, 尺度效应, 图像仿真, 空间自相关系数, 失真分辨率, 饱和分辨率

Abstract: This paper proposes a new way to study the effect of scale change on image attribute based on ray tracing technology. A series of multi-resolution images are simulated through the feature model selection and scene design. The results of entropy, autocorrelation coefficient, coverage rate indicate that color is unrelated to scale; distortion occurs when image resolution reduces excessively meanwhile little changes when resolution improves to a certain level; coverage rate decreases as the resolution decreases within the distortion range. The proposed method has the advantage that it is unaffected by the error of resample method compared with tradition methods.

Key words: ray tracing, scale effect, image simulation, spatial autocorrelation coefficient, distoration resolution, saturation resolution

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