计算机工程

• 图形图像处理 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于空间约束SIFT的光学与SAR图像配准

罗宇  1,2,陈勃  1,李山山  1,冯钟葵  1   

  1. (1.中国科学院遥感与数字地球研究所,北京 100094; 2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2014-12-16 出版日期:2015-12-15 发布日期:2015-12-15
  • 作者简介:罗宇(1989-),男,硕士研究生,主研方向:遥感图像匹配;陈勃,高级工程师、硕士;李山山,副研究员、博士;冯钟葵,正高级工程师。
  • 基金项目:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(41301383)。

Registration of Optical and SAR Images Based on Spatial Constraints SIFT

LUO Yu 1,2,CHEN Bo 1,LI Shanshan 1,FENG Zhongkui 1   

  1. (1.Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100094,China; 2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China)
  • Received:2014-12-16 Online:2015-12-15 Published:2015-12-15

摘要: 针对光学与合成孔径雷达(SAR)图像难以配准的问题,提出一种基于空间约束的尺度不变牲变换(SIFT)算法。该算法对光学图像和SAR图像分别进行预处理,包括利用增强Frost滤波抑制SAR图像的相干斑噪声,及运用自适应直方图均衡法增强光学和SAR图像之间的共性轮廓特 征。人工选取3个~4个同名控制点对进行粗配准。通过改进的SIFT方法提取特征点,以结构相似性指数作为特征点之间的相似性测度,并采用kd-tree搜索策略得到初始匹配点对。使用空间约束条件和随机抽样一致性算法筛选匹配点对,利用最终的精匹配点对完成配准。实验 结果表明,该算法对光学和SAR图像的配准可以取得较高的精度,配准精度优于2个像素。

关键词: 尺度不变特征转换, 空间约束, 结构相似性指数, 合成孔径雷达, 图像配准

Abstract: Aiming at the problem that optical and Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) images is difficult for registration,this paper proposes an improved Scale Invariant Feature Transform(SIFT) algorithm based on spatial constraints.The algorithm preprocesses optical and SAR images,the enhanced Frost filter and adaptive local histogram equalization are adopted to improve the common property of the optical and SAR images,and three or four corresponding points are selected manually to realize a coarse registration.An improved version of the SIFT method is proposed to detect the key points,and the Structure Similarity(SSIM) is used to obtain initial matching features by kd-tree search method.The initial matching features are refined by spatial constraints and Random Sample Consensus (RANSAC) method.The refined feature matches are used for registration.Experimental results show that the proposed method has higher precision for optical and SAR images registration and registration precision achieves 2 pixels.

Key words: Scale Invariant Feature Transform(SIFT), spatial constraints, Structure Similarity(SSIM) index, Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR), image registration

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