摘要： 为均衡并降低无线传感器网络节点能耗，延长网络的生命周期，提出一种基于区域控制的低功耗自适应聚类路由协议。通过确定能量中心进行区域划分，在划分的区域内完成簇首选择与分簇，在簇首之间建立数据传输路由，从而实现整个网络的低功耗通信。利用Matlab进行仿真，结果表明，该协议网络节点开始衰减的时间为第700 s左右，且节点死亡速率相对缓慢，其网络存活时间比LEACH协议明显增加，能保证通信可靠和能量分布均衡。
Abstract: To balance and reduce the energy used by nodes of the Wireless Sensor Network(WSN) and prolong its lifetime, this paper proposes a low energy consumption adaptive clustering routing protocol based on zone control. This protocol makes zone division through determining the energy center, and in the child-zone it selects the clusters and heads, with the traditional method of LEACH, and establishes routes among cluster heads, realizing the low energy communications in the end. Simulation results are completed by Matlab. The result shows that the begin to decay time of this protocol is about 700 s, death rate is relatively slow, and its survival time of network is significantly increased than LEACH protocol, can ensure reliable communications and energy distribution balance.
Wireless Sensor Network(WSN),
node energy consumption,