计算机工程 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (4): 100-107.doi: 10.19678/j.issn.1000-3428.0049825

• 安全技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

针对民用无人机的遥控数据保护方法

胡子杰1,张帆1,沈继忠1,赵新杰2   

  1. 1.浙江大学 信息与电子工程学院,杭州 310027; 2.北方电子设备研究所,北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-25 出版日期:2019-04-15 发布日期:2019-04-15
  • 作者简介:胡子杰(1993—),男,硕士研究生,主研方向为信息安全;张帆,副教授、博士;沈继忠,教授、博士;赵新杰,博士。
  • 基金项目:

    国家自然科学基金(61472357,61571063,61471314);国家留学基金(CSC201606325012)。

Remote Control Data Protection Method for Civilian UAV

HU Zijie1,ZHANG Fan1,SHEN Jizhong1,ZHAO Xinjie2   

  1. 1.College of Information Science and Electronic Engineering,Zhejiang University,Hangzhou 310027,China; 2.Institute of North Electronic Equipment,Beijing 100191,China
  • Received:2017-12-25 Online:2019-04-15 Published:2019-04-15

摘要:

随着民用无人机技术的发展,无人机所面临的安全问题逐渐暴露。基于控制链路伪造攻击原理,通过攻击实例证实民用无人机存在遥控数据安全强度过低的隐患,并提出一种基于加密算法的遥控数据保护方法。分析加密算法的选取原则,从安全和实现性能2个方面对AES、PRESENT和RC4这3种加密算法的可行性进行分析,选取AES算法对无人机系统控制链路中的遥控数据包进行加密。最后,利用不同遥控数据之间的差异系数和相关性系数评估该方法的有效性。实验结果表明,该方法能够有效提高民用无人机遥控数据的安全性。

关键词: 无人机, 控制链路伪造攻击, 遥控数据安全, 加密算法, 防御效果评估, AES算法

Abstract:

With the development of the civilian Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) technology,the security problem for UAV is gradually exposed.Based on the principle of control link spoofing attack,it is proved that the security intensity of remote control data is too low for civilian UAV by an attack example,and a remote control data protection method based on encryption algorithm is proposed.The selection principle of encryption algorithm is discussed,and the feasibility of three encryption algorithms AES,PRESENT and RC4 are analyzed from two aspects of security and performance.The AES algorithm is selected to encrypt the remote control data packet in the control link of UAV system.Finally,the effectiveness of the method is analyzed quantitatively by using the coefficient of difference and correlation between different remote control data.Experimental results show that this method can effectively improve the safety of remote control data for civilian UAV.

Key words: Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV), control link spoofing attack, remote control data security, encryption algorithm, defense effectiveness evaluation, AES algorithm

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